Klironomy Journal
EU, Czech Republic, Ostrava-Hlučín
History: All Papers

Pyvovar, S.F. (2021). Russian SS in the German-Soviet war of 1941-1945. Rethinking of history: conflict of facts and hypotheses. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 7 (13), __-__. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.
Пивовар, С.Ф. (2021). Російські есесівці у німецько-радянській війні 1941-1945 років. Rethinking of history: conflict of facts and hypotheses. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 7 (13), __-__. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/his2021-06-001 -------- EOI: 10.11244/his2021-06-001 -------- Author's Certificate -------- Conference Certificate

Abstract:

The article examines the problem of cooperation of ethnic Russians with the Nazi organization of the SS during the German-Soviet war of 1941-1945, which was little studied in historical science. The study reveals the essence, content and forms of cooperation of Russians with various bodies, units and formations of the SS, clarifies some facts, summarizes disparate information, compares the assessments of researchers to determine the quantity of Russians who cooperated with the SS. The study revealed significant discrepancies in the scientific literature to determine the quantity of Russians who collaborated with the SS during the German-Soviet War. In this regard, researchers have not yet could establish the exact Russians who served in the SS.

Keywords:

SS troops, prisoners of war, volunteers, сollaborationism, German-Soviet war, Russian SS.

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Lebedeva, G.N. (2021). HOMO ACADEMICUS. Part I. Scientific and Public organizations of the Russian Empire: between State Responsibility and Private Initiative. Eastern European humanitarian collection of mini monographs. European Scientific e-Journal, 01-2021 (007), 61-107. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-006 ---------- EOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-006 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

Homo academicus was the title of a book by Pierre Bourdieu, published in Russia in 2017. Research of the person, his chances in the period of formation of scientific organizations – a research topic. The monograph is devoted to the development of scientific organizations of the Slavic peoples. The philosophical and anthropological grounds for the preservation of cultural heritage and creation in the Russian Empire in the XVIII and first half of the XIX century are considered. It was possible to trace how the scientific and practical activities of Russian statesmen and scientists formed programs and institutions for the preservation of cultural heritage.

Keywords:

Homo academicus, Pierre Bourdieu, scientific organizations, cultural identity, nation, cultural heritage, Imperial Russian Academy of Sciences.

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Lebedev, S.V. (2021). The struggle for the North-Western Region. Russian-Polish confrontation in Lithuania and Belarus (1795-1862) (in Russian). Eastern European humanitarian collection of mini monographs. European Scientific e-Journal, 01-2021 (007), 5-60. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

ESeJ: his2020-12-005 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-005 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

The author of the extended article examines the most complex issue of the history of Lithuania and Belarus in the framework of the Russian-Polish confrontation. The article presents historical facts that are not popularized, but are extremely important for a critical analysis of the political and cultural processes that took place in the North-Western Region in the XIX century.

Keywords:

North-Western Region, Lithuania, Belarus, Russian Empire, Kingdom of Poland, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Szlachta, Vilna, St Petersburg.

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Lebedev, S.V. (2020). The Ostsee issue in the second half of the 19th century. Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 5 (5), 27-38. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.Лебедев, С.В. (2020). Остзейский вопрос во второй половине XIX века. Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 5 (5), 27-38. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-004 ---------- EOI: 10.11244/his2020-12-004 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

In the second 19th century, one of the most acute issues in the internal Russian polemics was the question of the Ostsee (Baltic). This region had a kind of autonomy, being three self-governing Russian provinces. The indigenous people (who in the second half of the century before last acquired the names of Estonians and Latvians) were even legally considered second-class people. Russian publicists of the conservative direction, speaking out against the special order of administration of the region, largely contributed to the national development of local nationalities. This article shows the role and significance of Russian conservative publicists who fought against the German (Ostsee) orders in the region. The results of this struggle are also shown, during which it became possible to talk about the formation of the Baltic Nations from the totality of the lower classes.

Keywords:

Ostsee issue, Baltic provinces, Prussia, Katkov, Aksakov, Rohrbach, Moscow Vedomosti; остзейский вопрос, прибалтийский губернии, Пруссия, Катков, Аксаков, Рорбах, Московские ведомости.

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Lebedeva, G.N. (2020). On the borders of Slavic identity: the search for self-determination and comparative analysis. Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 5 (5), 39-51. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.
Лебедева, Г.Н. (2020). На границах славянской идентичности: поиск самоопределения и сравнительный анализ. Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 5 (5), 39-51. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-003 ---------- EOI: 10.11244/his2020-12-003 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

Language as a collective memory of the people, the historical past of the language is the embodiment of the spirit of the people; this is what was common to Russian and Czech figures in the first half of the 19th century. The names and biographies of outstanding scientists, who have made a great contribution to the science of their country, their abilities are not only history but also scientific information, concepts and the search for new knowledge. The article is devoted to the development of scientific organizations of the Slavic peoples. The nation is constantly changing, and each historical epoch corresponds to its idea of the nation. By the end of the 18th century, the southern and Western Slavic peoples had been under the foreign yoke for several centuries. As a result of active activity, Slavic literary languages, scientific and cultural organizations emerged.

Keywords:

science, Russian Academy, Dictionary of the Russian Academy, Slavs, E.R. Dashkova, A.S. Shishkov, Slovenian language, buditeli, Y. Dobrovsky, V. Hanka, P.Y. Šafařík; наука, Российская Академия, Словарь Академии Российской славяне, Е.Р. Дашкова, А.С. Шишков, «словенский» язык, будители, Й.Добровский, В. Ганка, П.Й. Шафарик.

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Alpysbes, A.M., Tukpatullin, T.S. (2020). Urbanization as a cultural process and a value phenomenon. Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 5 (5), 16-26. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ. (in Russian)
Алпысбес, М.А., Тукпатуллин, Т.С. (2020). Урбанизация как культурный процесс и ценностный феномен. Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 5 (5), 16-26. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ./p>

DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-002 ---------- EOI: 10.11244/his2020-12-002 ---------- Certificate ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

Urbanization and scientific and technological progress have increased the influence of the new social reality on the individual and society. There comes a historical period when the absolute majority of citizens of the entire planet will live in cities, which in itself is a global phenomenon. This will lead to a fundamental revision of the urban mentality, which is currently experiencing a period of strong influence of the outgoing traditional thinking. The article reveals the topic of the influence of urbanization on the formation of cultural and axiological aspects of mentality. The article discusses the issue of positive and negative changes occurring in the way of thinking of newly arrived urban residents, and inconsistencies in understanding between the rural and urban worldview. The actors of the formation of urban culture and values are considered, as well as the prospects for their further development. The author concludes that the clash of values of traditional society and urban society can be compared with the clash of the cults of tradition and the cult of innovation. These two main components of human psychology change places in the course of urbanization. It becomes obvious that the process of urbanization is not unlimited.

Keywords:

urbanization, culture, values, city, mentality.

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Shlyakhovsky, A.A. (2020). Trafficking in human beings for the purpose of labor exploitation: a historical aspect (in Ukrainian). Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles, 05 (05), 4-17. European Scientific e-Journal. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

ESeJ: his2020-12-001 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-001 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

The article examines the main historical stages of slavery in different eras of world civilizations. It is concluded that in the period of formation and development of such types of management as hunting, fishing and cattle breeding, slavery was not appropriate. Slavery appeared with the emergence of the first civilizations.

Keywords:

slavery, human trafficking, exploitation, historical stages.

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Orlova, L.Y. (2020). Ancient Novgorod civil society. Past and present in the philosophy of social development. Past and present in the philosophy of social development. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 2 (2), 74-86. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.
Орлова, Л.Я. (2020). Гражданское общество Древнего Новгорода. Past and present in the philosophy of social development. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 2 (2), 74-86. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/his2020-09-002 ---------- EOI: 10.11244/his2020-09-002 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

Ancient civilization, of which civil society is certainly an integral part, had a huge impact on the subsequent development of civil societies around the world. The romanization of ‘barbarian’ peoples, which began in the heyday of the Roman Republic, absorbed many of the principles and organizational forms of Roman civil society. Western European civil society of the 17th and 18th centuries and our modern civil society as a reference turned to the ancient civil society. In article various approaches to understanding Ancient Novgorod civil society are considered, is analyzed democratic principles in activity of the Novgorod republic. Th author concludes that the Ancient Novgorod civil society not only enriched the world practice but also created an original type of civil society. One of the Russian idea’s representatives, G. Fedotov, who developed the theory of the Orthodox democratic state, believed that this had already happened once in Russian history, meaning “the creation of a unique Orthodox democracy in Novgorod”

Keywords:

The Novgorod republic from 12th to 15th centuries, a civil society, veche, Veche democracy, the prince, a national home guard, birchbark reading and writing, masterful, merchants, trade.

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Lebedeva, G.N. (2020). Publications of M.N. Katkov about Czech guests at the Slavic Congress of 1867 (in Czech). Past and present in the philosophy of social development. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 2 (2), 63-73. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.
Lebedeva, G.N. (2020). Publikace M. N. Katkova o českých hostech na Slovanském kongresu v roce 1867. Past and present in the philosophy of social development. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 2 (2), 63-73. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/his2020-09-001 ---------- EOI: 10.11244/his2020-09-001 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

Freethinking and rationalism, as the main ideas of the Enlightenment, dominated throughout the 19th and most of the 20th century. They were based on the values of equality, justice, reason, progress, which, above all, contributed to the consolidation of entire nations. The Enlightenment affected not only Western Europe, but also Russia and the Slavic countries. Slavic societies experienced a transition to capitalist attitudes, where they required a different way of thinking and a special level of self-awareness. The article deals with the events related to the formation of the Czech and Slavic identity. The Association and activity of groups of intellectuals contributed to the preservation of language, culture and the formation of national identity. In the Czech Republic, this role was assumed by the adherents. The author concludes that the activity and awakening of the national consciousness are carried out by intellectuals from the people, and in the Czech version there were alarm clocks. Leading Russian media, especially Moscow Vedomosti, described in great detail and objectively the course of the Slavic Congress. The results of this congress had a huge impact on the further development of the world Slavic movement.

Keywords:

adherents, Matice česká, F. Palatsky, assimilation, Germanization, Slavic Congress, M.N. Katkov, Moscow Vedomosti, pan-Slavism.

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