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Lebedeva, G.N. (20210> HOMO ACADEMICUS. Part I. Scientific and Public organizations of the Russian Empire: between State Responsibility and Private Initiative. Eastern European humanitarian collection of mini monographs, 01-2021 (007), 61-107. European Scientific e-Journal,– Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

ESeJ: his2020-12-006 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-006 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

Homo academicus was the title of a book by Pierre Bourdieu, published in Russia in 2017. Research of the person, his chances in the period of formation of scientific organizations – a research topic. The monograph is devoted to the development of scientific organizations of the Slavic peoples. The philosophical and anthropological grounds for the preservation of cultural heritage and creation in the Russian Empire in the XVIII and first half of the XIX century are considered. It was possible to trace how the scientific and practical activities of Russian statesmen and scientists formed programs and institutions for the preservation of cultural heritage.

Keywords:

Homo academicus, Pierre Bourdieu, scientific organizations, cultural identity, nation, cultural heritage, Imperial Russian Academy of Sciences.

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Lebedev, S.V. (2021). The struggle for the North-Western Region. Russian-Polish confrontation in Lithuania and Belarus (1795-1862) (in Russian). Eastern European humanitarian collection of mini monographs, 01-2021 (007), 5-60. European Scientific e-Journal,– Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

ESeJ: his2020-12-005 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-005 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

The author of the extended article examines the most complex issue of the history of Lithuania and Belarus in the framework of the Russian-Polish confrontation. The article presents historical facts that are not popularized, but are extremely important for a critical analysis of the political and cultural processes that took place in the North-Western Region in the XIX century.

Keywords:

North-Western Region, Lithuania, Belarus, Russian Empire, Kingdom of Poland, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Szlachta, Vilna, St Petersburg.

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Lebedev, S.V. The Ostsee issue in the second half of the 19th century // European Scientific e-Journal, December 25, 2020.

ESeJ: his2020-12-004 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-004 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

In the second 19th century, one of the most acute issues in the internal Russian polemics was the question of the ostzei (Baltic). This region had a kind of autonomy, being three self-governing Russian provinces. The indigenous people (who in the second half of the century before last acquired the names of Estonians and Latvians) were even legally considered second-class people. Russian publicists of the conservative direction, speaking out against the special order of administration of the region, largely contributed to the national development of local nationalities. This article shows the role and significance of Russian conservative publicists who fought against the German (Ostsee) orders in the region. The results of this struggle are also shown, during which it became possible to talk about the formation of the Baltic Nations from the totality of the lower classes.
Во второй XIX века одним из самых острых вопросов во внутрироссийской полемике был вопрос остзейский (прибалтийский). Этот край имел своеобразную автономию, являясь тремя самоуправляемыми российскими губерниями. Коренные жители (которые именно во второй половине позапрошлого века обрели имена эстонцев и латышей) даже юридически считались людьми второго сорта. Российские публицисты консервативного направления, выступая против особого порядка управления краем, во многом способствовали национальному развитию местных народностей. В данной статье показывается роль и значение русских консервативных публицистов, которые вели борьбу против немецких («остзейских») порядков в крае. Также показаны результаты этой борьбы, в ходе которой и стало возможным говорить о формировании прибалтийских наций из совокупности низших сословий.

Keywords:

Ostsee issue, Baltic provinces, Prussia, Katkov, Aksakov, Rohrbach, Moscow Vedomosti; остзейский вопрос, прибалтийский губернии, Пруссия, Катков, Аксаков, Рорбах, Московские ведомости.

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Lebedeva, G.N. On the borders of Slavic identity: the search for self-determination and comparative analysis // European Scientific e-Journal, December 24, 2020.

ESeJ: his2020-12-003 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-003 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

The article is devoted to the development of scientific organizations of the Slavic peoples. The nation is constantly changing, and each historical epoch corresponds to its idea of the nation. By the end of the 18th century, the southern and Western Slavic peoples had been under the foreign yoke for several centuries. As a result of active activity, Slavic literary languages, scientific and cultural organizations emerged.
Статья посвящена развитию научных организаций славянских народов. Нация постоянно меняется, и каждой исторической эпохе соответствует своё представление о нации. Южные и западные славянские народы к концу XVIII века уже несколько веков находились под чужеземным игом. В результате активной деятельности возникали славянские литературные языки, научные и культурные организации.

Keywords:

science, Russian Academy, Dictionary of the Russian Academy, Slavs, E.R. Dashkova, A.S. Shishkov, Slovenian language, buditeli, Y. Dobrovsky, V. Hanka, P.Y. Šafařík; наука, Российская Академия, Словарь Академии Российской славяне, Е.Р. Дашкова, А.С. Шишков, «словенский» язык, будители, Й.Добровский, В. Ганка, П.Й. Шафарик.

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Alpysbes, A.M.; Tukpatullin, T.S. Urbanization as a cultural process and a value phenomenon (in Russian) // European Scientific e-Journal, December 15, 2020.
Алпысбес, М.А.; Тукпатуллин, Т.С. Урбанизация как культурный процесс и ценностный феномен // European Scientific e-Journal, December 15, 2020.

ESeJ: his2020-12-002 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-002 ---------- Certificate ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

В статье рассматривается вопрос влияния урбанизации на формирования культурных и аксиологических аспектов менталитета. Обсуждается мнения и взгляды об изменениях, происходящих в сознании жителей сменивших место жительства и прибывших для проживания в городскую среду, различия в ментальности сельского и городского населения. Рассматриваются субъекты формирования урбанистической культуры и ценностей, её влияние на развитие общества и государства, науку, технологии и инновации а также перспектива их дальнейшего развития в суловиях процессов мегаполисизации.
The article reveals the topic of the influence of urbanization on the formation of cultural and axiological aspects of mentality. The article discusses the issue of positive and negative changes occurring in the way of thinking of newly arrived urban residents, and inconsistencies in understanding between the rural and urban worldview. The actors of the formation of urban culture and values are considered, as well as the prospects for their further development.

Keywords:

урбанизация, культура, ценности, город, менталитет; urbanization, culture, values, city, mentality.

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Shlyakhovsky, A.A. (2020). Trafficking in human beings for the purpose of labor exploitation: a historical aspect (in Ukrainian). Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles, 05 (05), 4-17. European Scientific e-Journal. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

ESeJ: his2020-12-001 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-12-001 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

The article examines the main historical stages of slavery in different eras of world civilizations. It is concluded that in the period of formation and development of such types of management as hunting, fishing and cattle breeding, slavery was not appropriate. Slavery appeared with the emergence of the first civilizations.

Keywords:

slavery, human trafficking, exploitation, historical stages.

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Orlova, L.Y. Ancient Novgorod civil society // European Scientific e-Journal, September 04, 2020.

Orlova, L.Y. Ancient Novgorod civil society // Past and present in the philosophy of social development / Collection of Scientific Articles. Issue 02 (02). European Scientific e-Journal. – Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ, 2020. – 87 p. – P. 74-86. – ISBN 978-80-907957-1-6

ESeJ: his2020-09-002 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-09-002 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

In article various approaches to understanding Ancient Novgorod civil society are considered, is analyzed democratic principles in activity of the Novgorod republic.

Keywords:

The Novgorod republic from 12th to 15th centuries, a civil society, veche, Veche democracy, the prince, a national home guard, birchbark reading and writing, masterful, merchants, trade.

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Lebedeva, G.N. Publications of M.N. Katkov about Czech guests at the Slavic Congress of 1867 (in Czech) // European Scientific e-Journal, August 25, 2020.

Lebedeva, G.N. Publications of M.N. Katkov about Czech guests at the Slavic Congress of 1867 (in Czech) // Past and present in the philosophy of social development / Collection of Scientific Articles. Issue 02 (02). European Scientific e-Journal. – Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ, 2020. – 87 p. – P. 63-73. – ISBN 978-80-907957-1-6

ESeJ: his2020-09-001 ---------- DOI: 10.47451/his2020-09-001 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

The article deals with the events related to the formation of the Czech and Slavic identity. The Association and activity of groups of intellectuals contributed to the preservation of language, culture and the formation of national identity. In the Czech Republic, this role was assumed by the adherents.

Keywords:

adherents, Matice česká, F. Palatsky, assimilation, Germanization, Slavic Congress, M.N. Katkov, Moscow Vedomosti, pan-Slavism.

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