Klironomy Journal
EU, Czech Republic, Ostrava-Hlučín
Political Sciences: All Articles

Samoilenko, O. (2021). Features of lobbyism development in Ukraine. Rethinking of history: conflict of facts and hypotheses. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 7 (13), __-__. Hlučín: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ. (in Ukrainian)
Самойленко, О. (2021). Особливостi розвитку лобiзму в Украïнi. Rethinking of history: conflict of facts and hypotheses. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 7 (13), __-__. Hlučín: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/pol2021-09-002 ------- EOI: 10.11244/pol2021-09-002 ------- Author's Certificate ------- Conference Certificate

Abstract:

The study briefly reviewed and summarized some of the most common scientific approaches to identifying the problem of lobbying in Ukraine. The main lobbying trends and problems are described. In particular, special attention was paid to the substantiation of legislative initiatives to legalize lobbying in Ukraine as a specific type of professional activity. The main preconditions to realize the idea of legislative consolidation of lobbying activity are defined. Certain obstacles to the possibility of synchronizing lobbying activities with the current anti-corruption legislation have also been substantiated. The main stages of the model of lobbying development in Ukraine are substantiated. Relevant conclusions have been made on the legal basis for solving the problem of legalization of lobbying, in particular, the emphasis is on the existence of several potential advantages of this process. One of the main advantages of legalizing lobbying in Ukraine may be the withdrawal from the shadow trade of significant amounts of funds, which are currently circulating in the relations system of illegal lobbying. Taxation of these funds can be an additional source of replenishment of the state budget. According to the research results, the author offers his vision for solving the problems of lobbying development in Ukraine. It is determined that the implementation of initiatives to legalize lobbying in Ukraine, on the one hand, will strengthen the right of businesses to defend their interests before public authorities, and on the other, will provide the latter with clear levers to legally assess lobbyists and their necessary regulation.

Keywords:

lobbying, institute, legalization, democracy; лобізм, інститут, легалізація, демократія.

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Naboka, A.V. (2021). International terrorism activities in the context of globalization. Rethinking of history: conflict of facts and hypotheses. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 7 (13), __-__. Hlučín: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ. (in Ukrainian)
Набока, А.В. (2021).
Міжнародна терористична діяльність в контексті глобалізації. Rethinking of history: conflict of facts and hypotheses. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 7 (13), __-__. Hlučín: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/pol2021-09-001 ------- EOI: 10.11244/pol2021-09-001 ------- Author's Certificate -------

Abstract:

Theses study the features of the phenomenon of international terrorism and its impact on the international political system. The specifics of international terrorism in the age of global turbulence are considered. The world political system is analyzed from the standpoint of geopolitical actors’ use of various methods to achieve political goals, including terrorism. The nature and spheres of influence of international terrorism in the modern world are shown. Particular attention is paid to regional and global security in the context of terrorist groups in the Middle East. The article focuses on the activities of the ISIS group and the peculiarities of its functioning in the modern globalized world. The formation of the structure and activity of terrorist groups in the historical context is singled out. The role and principles of international terrorism in the context of geopolitical confrontation are defined.

Keywords:

terrorism, globalization, international relations, political system, confrontation, geopolitical influence; тероризм, глобалізація, міжнародні відносини, політична система, протистояння, геополітичний вплив.

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Orlov, I.B. (2020). An alternative view of the fateful periods in Russian political history. Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 5 (5), 52-65. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.
Орлов, И.Б. (2020). Альтернативный взгляд на судьбоносные периоды в российской политической истории. Historical values and problems of their interpretation. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 5 (5), 52-65. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/pol2020-12-001 ---------- EOI: 10.11244/pol2020-12-001 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

Russian historical science has developed a certain approach to the interpretation of the most important periods of the formation and development of the Russian state. To a large extent, it relies on such absolute authorities as Karamzin, Klyuchevsky, Solovyov, Rybakov, and Platonov. However, with the development of scientific knowledge, a number of provisions established in Russian political history have been criticized, on the basis of which new hypotheses arise. The article considers various points of view on the fateful periods of Russian history that changed the vector of its development, analyzes the factual evidence base of existing scientific theories and put forward scientific hypotheses. The author concludes that without dismissing these two approaches to understanding the Soviet period, it is necessary to pay attention to the pendulum movement in the political drift of Russia. The analysis of historical material shows that the pendulum movement occupies a significant place in the political drift of Russian society.

Keywords:

periods of Russian history, vector of development of Russian history, new hypotheses of fateful periods of Russian history.

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Buychik, A. The Theory of Wave Dualism of Cracy as a tool for modeling various processes in society. Past and present in the philosophy of social development. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 2 (2), 33-49. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/pol2020-10-001 ---------- EOI: 10.11244/pol2020-10-001 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

At the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries, there was an urgent need to measure the political activity of certain elites, which determine the direction of development of society both within the state and in the international arena. Political elites of society set up certain markers that allow them to create the necessary social background in the state for the purpose of lobbying interests. The author presents basic principles of the Theory of Wave Dualism of Cracy (Power), which are design for modeling and forecasting political, social, economic and cultural processes in the society. The theory consists of general and specific terms parameters that have multi-level characteristics, which can contribute to more correct verification of processes. The author concludes that Theory of Wave Dualism of Cracy forms a more objective approach to historical processes and events in various fields of society.

Keywords:

dualism, power, political processes, political event, Second World War, postulation, classification of political processes, social matrix.

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Orlova, L.Y. (2020). Possible and probable models of formation of a civil society in modern Russia. Past and present in the philosophy of social development. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 2 (2), 50-62. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.
Орлова, Л.Я. (2020). Возможные и вероятные модели формирования гражданского общества в современной России. Past and present in the philosophy of social development. Collection of Scientific Articles. European Scientific e-Journal, 2 (2), 50-62. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/pol2020-09-001 ---------- EOI: 10.11244/pol2020-09-001 ---------- Certificate

Abstract:

The author considers three possible and probable models of civil society formation in modern Russia, based on a philosophical understanding of the meaning of these categories. The opportunity is an objective reality of becoming subject, as expressed in the conditions for its occurrence; the probability is a concept describing a quantitative measure of the possibility of occurrence of some event under certain conditions. In article political, economic, administrative, society cultural resources of possible formation of various models of a civil society in modern Russia are analyzed. The author concludes that during the periods when Russia was turning towards civil society, its formation was mainly based on the domestic model. Its distinctive feature is rightly considered to be the construction of civil society ‘from above’ by the state. Their awareness of the need to rely on the capabilities of civil society is the key to the development of the latter.

Keywords:

models of formation of a civil society in modern Russia, social and cultural resources of formation of a civil society in modern Russia.

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