Klironomy Journal
EU, Czech Republic, Ostrava-Hlučín
Cultural Heritage: All Articles

Lebedev, S.V. (2021). Cultural heritage protection in the globalization context. The Collection of Mini Monographs. Klironomy, 2 (2), 7-26. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/her2021-08-001 -------- EOI: 10.11249/her2021-08-001 -------- Author's Certificate

Abstract:

The article actualizes the problem of national identity through the preservation of the basis of the cultural heritage of peoples and ethnic groups in the era of globalization and the emergence of a large number of ‘melting pots’ that erase the edges of the uniqueness of individual peoples of the world. The author argues that for any emerging nation, the cultural heritage, even if artificial, determines to a large extent the ‘core culture’ and is one of the basic foundations of national identity. Consequently, an important role is played by the adaptation of immigrants, who bring and lobby their culture and traditions in new territories for themselves. It forces some countries seeking to preserve their history and cultural heritage to actively hinder the immigration process, even sacrificing the development of their ethnic group, which does not tend to reduce the birth rate. However, on other way, multiculturalism only contributes to the rooting of specific customs and traditions among immigrant diasporas, which finally turn into separate communities leading to a close existence. The author concludes that in conditions, when one’s cultural heritage is withering and the core culture is disintegrating, new cultural values belonging to new minorities begin to arise.

Keywords:

national identity, cultural heritage, melting pot, globalization, culture, traditions, immigration.

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Buychik, A. (2021). The relevance of the formation of the science of the cultural heritage preservation as the evolution of social and scientific thought. Cultural Heritage in the Context of Social Development. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference.Klironomy, 1 (1), 7-21. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/her2021-06-001 -------- EOI: 10.11249/her2021-06-001 -------- Author's Certificate -------- Conference Certificate

Abstract:

Research in the field of cultural heritage preservation has been actively conducted over the past 150 years. The world community has achieved great success in forming a school of objects’ restoration and conservation of past civilizations’ cultures. However, in the early 21st century, a lot of knowledge began to go beyond what is already available in the classification of the sciences of art and culture. In the last third of the 20th century, a separate science of restoration began to emerge, which is also looking for its place between culture and art. The need to form a new scientific direction on cultural heritage preservation appeared due to the formation of a huge amount of scientific knowledge, which was supported by the evolution of the philosophical thought of the world-leading thinkers, who came close to defining the Concept of Klironomical Outlook, i.e., structural views on determining the value of cultural heritage. The author justifies that the world community has objectively approached the understanding and separation of the klironomical outlook, which contributes to the formation of a new complex of sciences of the cultural heritage preservation – klironomy. The research used the scientific works of the author of the article, as well as leading experts in the field of culture and philosophers.

Keywords:

klironomy, cultural heritage preservation, world community, klironomical outlook.

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Nosan, T.M. (2021). Local traditions of the Northern folk costume design of the Olonets Province from the late 19th to the mid-20th century. Cultural Heritage in the Context of Social Development. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. Klironomy, 1 (1), 54-83. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/her2021-05-002 -------- EOI: 10.11249/her2021-05-002 -------- Author's Certificate -------- Conference Certificate

Abstract:

The article is devoted to the original types of traditional design of the Northern folk costume of the Olonets Province from the late 19th to the mid-20th century. The article deals with the history of traditional folk costume, its functions: festive, ceremonial, professional, regional, class, indicating the occupation and religion. The author analyzes the materials, various methods of decorating the decor with embroidery, weaving, lace, as well as the ornament and colour scheme of the costume. The general sources of studying the history of the folk costume are works of fine and applied art, literary works and historical documents. The author concludes that the constant appeal to the modelling folk costume creativity is very important for a modern designer. The analysis of models created based on folk costume revealed various creative approaches of artists to the use of folk motifs in a modern costume created in the process of creative reinterpretation of folk traditions with regards to modern conditions.

Keywords:

folk costume, creative activity, national characteristics, folk traditions, colour scheme, cultural experience, information and aesthetic properties.

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Lebedeva, G.N. (2021). Literary magazine as a historical memory keeper. Cultural Heritage in the Context of Social Development. Cultural Heritage in the Context of Social Development. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. Klironomy, 1 (1), 32-42. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/her2021-05-001 -------- EOI: 10.11249/her2021-05-001 -------- Author's Certificate -------- Conference Certificate

Abstract:

The study object was 19th-century Russian journalism as a social institution associated with preserving cultural heritage and historical memory. The issues of cultural heritage preservation in the Russian Empire of the first half of the 19th century are considered using a 19th-century literary magazine as an example. Journalism occupies no less a place in culture than art, morality, science and technology. Influencing the public consciousness, journalism is important, because addressing, it raises the question of public confidence in the authorities. Thus, journalists are the keepers of the heritage. This can contribute to the stability and development of society. In the course of the study, it was possible to trace how the journalistic and practical activities of writers, intellectuals and publishers contributed to the unification of publicists, statesmen and scientists and influenced the formation of public consciousness, as well as programs and institutions for the preservation of cultural heritage.

Keywords:

A.A. Guseynov, literary magazine, cultural heritage, journalism as a heritage, heritage keepers, control over information, publishing, institutional and non-institutional ways of heritage preservation.

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Kirgizbekova, S.S. (2021). Historical and cultural significance of the collection of Russians artists in the A. Kasteeva Museum. Cultural Heritage in the Context of Social Development. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. Klironomy, 1 (1), 110-126. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ. (in Russian)

DOI: 10.47451/her2021-04-004 -------- EOI: 10.11249/her2021-04-004 -------- Author's Certificate -------- Conference Certificate

Abstract:

The article is devoted to the collection of Russian art, presented today in the State Museum of Arts. Abylkhana Kasteeva in Almaty. Practice has shown that the main stream of artistic forces rushed to Kazakhstan from Moscow. The value of the entire Kazakh exposition of the museum is colossal not so much in material terms as in its historical and cultural significance for descendants and contemporaries. In the context of the style diversity of images, shapes and colors, one can grasp the sensations, and through them to find answers to many questions, understand the historical processes in Kazakhstan, beliefs, our attitude to nature, to life and to each other. Therefore, it is so important to identify the circle of artists who worked in Kazakhstan, in the years when Kazakhstan’s fine arts were just getting on their feet, the process of consolidating a few creative forces was taking place. Anyway, these artists visited Kazakhstan, worked here, created their own works. Among them were eminent Russian painters, who entered the history of Soviet Art. The masterpieces of Kazakh and Russian art will allow the viewer to trace the history of the formation and development of the Kazakh national school of painting, over a thousand paintings, prints and drawings are the pride of the collection of the State Museum of Arts of Kazakhstan. A. Kasteev.

Keywords:

art, museums, creativity, artists, history, culture, painting, collection, exhibits, exhibition, искусство, музеи, творчество, художники, история, культура, живопись, коллекция, экспонаты.

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Fomicheva, N.M. (2021). Garden chair restoration. Cultural Heritage in the Context of Social Development. Cultural Heritage in the Context of Social Development. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 1 (1). Klironomy, 84-109. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/her2021-04-003 -------- EOI: 10.11249/her2021-04-003 -------- Author's Certificate -------- Conference Certificate

Abstract:

The article is devoted to the realization of unique practical methods of restoration of decorative and applied art objects, which is a significant work in cultural heritage preservation because the topic is practically inexhaustible, both for researchers, art historians and for restorers-performers. The subject of the study was household garden gilded furniture of Russia of the 19th century. The project aimed to return the garden chair to the exhibition form for further use in the museum halls, as an object of 19th-century garden furniture art. To understand the restoration problems of the kind of furniture, the author of the article turned to the researchers’ publications devoted to the aspects of the creation, decoration and restoration of 19th-century furniture. The author presents in detail the stages of furniture restoration. As well as the technologies used for this type of restoration work. As a result of the comprehensive restoration of the garden chair with rattan, the master restorer acquired a certain useful theoretical knowledge of the topic and practical experience of working with the decorative and applied art subject, which had only characteristic features of its technical condition and methods of working to return the chair to its aesthetic and exposition appearance. The materials presented in the article will be useful for practising restorers and novice young professionals.

Keywords:

19th-century garden gilded furniture, glossy and matt gilding, gilding imitation with Dutch metal, tinting, decorative coatings’ protection from oxidation.

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Duduleanu, L. (2021). Arthropods. Aesthetic approaches through selective methods of representation in personal creation. Cultural Heritage in the Context of Social Development. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 1 (1).Klironomy, 43-53. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/her2021-04-002 -------- EOI: 10.11249/her2021-04-002 -------- Author's Certificate -------- Conference Certificate

Abstract:

The article purpose is to analyze the theme of insects in the sphere of visual arts from the perspective of the visual artist, as basis of the research, presenting certain historical, technical, artistic and conceptual aspects. The present study highlights the representations of certain specimens in the area of artistic creation and analyzes three stages of the creative act – from simple curiosity to science and to purely aesthetic value – the observations made in the field of entomology being part this. Surprising the phenomenon of decontextualization of arthropods in the natural environment leads the research towards original artistic manifestations and concerns, which leads me to pay great attention to the aesthetic side in the context of the elaboration of compositional structures in personal artistic creation.

Keywords:

arthropods, insects, entomology, specimen, watercolor, paper, graphic, papercutting.

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Andreescu, D. (2021). Cultural Heritage through Design Thinking. Cultural Heritage in the Context of Social Development. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. Klironomy, 1 (1), 22-31. Hlučín-Bobrovníky: “Anisiia Tomanek” OSVČ.

DOI: 10.47451/her2021-04-001 -------- EOI: 10.11249/her2021-04-001 -------- Author's Certificate -------- Conference Certificate

Abstract:

The general purpose of the Design Thinking approach (concept taken over in Romanian without its translation and which involves conception-oriented thinking) is to support the conception and design of products, services, processes, strategies, spaces, architecture and experiences ideal for use optimal. Applying the approach leads to the development of practical and innovative solutions to the problems identified in the product and/or technology design departments of companies. As described in the article Design Thinking is a process springing from the user-centered conception-design paradigm. The objective of the article is to highlight the need to combine urban study within Design Thinking, in the case of all areas of conception-design of solutions.

Keywords:

design thinking, innovation, creativity, experience, empathy, thinking, consumer, health.

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